Drago canario: centenary tree of the Canary Islands
Drago canario: centenary tree of the Canary Islands

Drago canario: centenary tree of the Canary Islands

If you have visited Fuerteventura you will surely have seen some Canarian Drago. These trees occupy many spaces such as squares, gardens or roundabouts. Its smooth trunk from which several branches emerge reminds of a dragon, hence its name. Today we discover this and other curiosities of the Canarian Drago.

Dracaena Draco, is the name of this plant typical of the subtropical climate of the Macaronesia area (Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira and the Savage Islands). Although it stands out as the predominant arboreal species in the Canary Islands, western Morocco has a greater population of Canary Island drago.

How is a Canary Island drago?

It is characterized by having a smooth trunk in its youth that is roaring over the years. It does not present growth rings, so you can not know its exact age by this technique. The amount of branches that derive from its trunk will determine the age of the Canary Island Dragon Tree.

The cup is formed by long leaves of grayish green color and of great hardness. They can reach 50 or 60 centimeters long and 3 or 4 centimeters wide.

Their growth is slow, since they only bloom every 4 or 7 years. Its flowers are cream-colored and they contain orange berries that contain seeds. The branches that bloom are divided, and these, will bloom again in the next 4 or 7 years. In addition, it is said that when the drago tree blooms, a year of rains looms.

So that a Canary Dragoon takes unified form, so much in the trunk as in the glass, and a height of about 18 meters can spend about 450 years.

The canarian drago tree as a medicinal plant

The primitive inhabitants that coexisted with this tree species, considered it a medicinal plant. The resin, which turns red on contact with air, known colloquially as drago blood, was used for medicinal remedies.

At the time of ancient Rome, the natives used sage to heal wounds, ulcers or fistulas, thanks to its anti-inflammatory, haemostatic and healing properties. In addition, it is known as the elixir of youth because it stretches the skin naturally.

In its dry form it was used to strengthen and treat gum diseases, as well as to wash teeth.

In addition, due to its dark color was used for varnishes and dyes. It is said that the famous Stradivarius violins had drago blood among the ingredients of the varnish.


The Canary Island Dragon Trees are a symbol of Fuerteventura. Therefore, you can find them in any corner of the island and surprise you with the height and strength of the Century Canarian Drago.

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