Until 1950 plastic production was scarce and limited to certain items. Since that decade until now, more than 8 million tons of plastic have been produced, which, despite having been discarded, continues to live with us and worse, most of them end up in the oceans and seas.
The main countries of the world are beginning to develop policies to stop the manufacture and sale of single-use plastic. This category includes: food containers, plastic bottles, plastic cutlery, straws or plastic plates and cups.
One of the first measures that has been implemented in many European countries is the sale of plastic bags in supermarkets. Spain, fourth country in the European Union with a higher demand for plastic, will ban the marketing of single-use plastics by 2020.
What types of plastic are there?
- Polyethylene (PE): it is the most common variety and within it are included: plastic bags, containers and containers, bottles, cosmetics microspheres and abrasive products and films and plastic films.
- Polyester (PET): this type of plastic is also very present in our day to day. Clothing, bottles, packaging or X-ray films contain polyester.
- Polypropylene (PP): it is used for longer lasting items and with tougher structures such as: appliances, outdoor furniture or vehicle parts.
- Polyvinyl chloride (PVC): this variety is used for the manufacture of pipes, valves, windows, cables or medical instruments.
Can I live without consuming plastic?
The answer is a resounding yes. More and more people see an enemy in plastic and look for ways to live a Zero Waste life, that is, a life away from plastic and garbage production.
Although it seems impossible, because most of the products we consume are packaged in plastic, we can at least reduce their use and look for new alternatives.
Kit to enter the world Zero Waste
All routine and life changes take time and experience what is best suited to our needs. Do not expect to start from scratch without using any plastic, it is a task that takes time and dedication.
You can make small changes in your day to day
- Always carry a cloth bag. Put it in your bag or backpack and use it whenever you buy something, be it food, clothes or any other item.
- Avoid plastic containers. In the supermarket choose to buy those products that are bare, that is, without plastic packaging. If they are not sold loose, opt for its glass version. You can also visit shops with bulk sales, where you can use your own cloth bags.
- Reusable water bottle. Avoid plastic water bottles and always carry a bottle of stainless steel or glass with you.
- Use cloth scarves. Next to the cloth bag includes a cloth handkerchief in your bag. This way you avoid paper napkins and tissues and reduce the waste you generate.
- Reduces the consumption of clothes. We live in a world in which low cost stores take a lot of our time and our money. Fast fashion creates needs that we really do not have. If you want to buy a new press, visit the second-hand stores. You will find real bargains and you will make sure that nobody wears the same clothes as you.