Fuerteventura is the oldest island of the Canary Islands. Its history dates to 1.000 BC, when the Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans set foot on the island. The passage of time and the inhabitants have turned Fuerteventura into a place full of history, legends and secret corners. Do you want to know them?
In the northeast of the island, in the municipality of La Oliva, we find the Jablito Beach of white sand and crystal-clear water. This small coastal area, barely 38 metres long, hides a great history. In the seventeenth century, nomadic fishermen during the fishing season came to Jablito Beach because it is in the north of Fuerteventura.
With the passage of time, Jablito Beach was the favourite place for many major families and became an idyllic place to enjoy the summer. The stone houses, formerly used for fishermen’s shelters and fishing tools, became the homes of these major families during the summer months. Curiously, the Jablito majoreras were named after the family that stayed in the house. For example: Casa de los Chincha, Casa de los González or Casa de los Herrero.
In the mid-twentieth century, El Jablito began to grow and the new generations of these families began to remodel and manufacture new houses of blocks and cement. In spite of this, the tradition of staying in the village during the summer months and fishing for octopus, crabs or seafood continues.
La Rose del Taro
The Southeastern Mountain System is home to this important area at a scientific level. Valleys and mountains such as La Rosa del Taro, La Atalaya, Jenejey or Goroy form a landscape and a unique space in Fuerteventura. Fauna and flora take on great importance in this mountainous area. We can find specimens of marine rosemary, Coronilla viminalis, Taboire fino or Esparraguera majorera. Regarding the fauna, birds such as the guirre, the buzzard or the common kestrel fly over the mountain system.
Another key point is La Rosa del Taro pond, one of the most important wetlands on the island, although it is artificial. In it, they breed the cercerta pardilla, a canarian species in danger of extinction. The cinnamon jar, the water cock or the common coot are other species that inhabit this pond.
The area of La Rosa del Taro is also important for its archaeological sites. It is in the highest zone, where the first aborigines of Fuerteventura left their mark with libico-canary and libico-berber engravings.
El Bailadero de las Brujas Cave
The town of Tindaya is home to numerous legends with witches, magic rituals and sorcery as the protagonists. From the base of the mountain of Tindaya you can access the Cueva del Bailadero de las Brujas, also known as Cueva de las Brujas (Cave of the Witches) or Cueva de la Señora (Cave of the Lady). This large volcanic tube ends in the Barranco de Esquinzo. Currently some areas of the cave are sunken, so your visit must be made with care.
Legend has it that the mahos performed their sorcery practices and initiation rituals in the Cueva del Bailadero de las Brujas. The remains of ceramics, bone remains or remains of molluscs found in the cave give for certain these rituals.
The Molinos and Molinas of Fuerteventura
If you have already visited the island majorera, you will have seen that Fuerteventura is full of molinos. With the conquest and colonization of the island, the life and economy of the majoreros changed radically. They went from being nomads to having a sedentary life based on cereal farming.
At the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the windmills appeared in Fuerteventura, the same ones that can still be found in the fields of Castile. The north and centre of the island was home to the largest number of windmills, as the wind blew stronger in these areas.
The windmills have a circular floor plan with whitewashed masonry or mud walls. The grain was crushed thanks to the mechanism formed by two grinding wheels, a hopper and a gutter. A sprocket located on the third floor, the blades, the shaft and the spindle, turn the grain into flour or gofio with the sole effort of the wind.
In Fuerteventura the Molina also stands out. Its operation was very similar to that of the windmill but its machinery was simpler and its appearance was different. The windmill is formed by a low building and a wooden tower where the blades are located. In the building, the miller carried out his work without going up and down any stairs with the grain bags as in the windmills.
If you want to see the municipalities with the most windmills and molinas on the island of Fuerteventura, you have to visit La Oliva, Puerto del Rosario, Antigua and Tuineje. Nowadays, these municipalities keep the authentic mills in perfect condition.
Come and visit our wonderful majorera island and discover more about Fuerteventura.